Physical diseases that attack the body
“There is no restriction on the blind, nor any restriction on the lame, nor any restriction on the sick..”
Surat An-Nūr (The Light) Ayat (24:61)
Ailäh s says:
These Verses refer to ailments that might attack a person while performing the Hajj, while Fasting or making ablution. They contain tremendous secret and wisdom, indicating the greatness and divine wisdom of the Qur’än and its sufficiency for those who have sound understanding and comprehension.
The science of medicine consists of three basic rules preserving good health. avoiding what might cause harm (i.e. establishing immunity) and ridding the body of harmful substances. Alläh has mentioned these three basic principles in connection with the performance of Hajj, Fasting, and
ablution mentioned above,
“But if any of you is ill or on a journey, the same number (should be made up) from other days.” Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow) Ayat (2: 184)
Alläh has allowed the sick to break their Fast because of their illness. Alläh has also permitted the traveler to break their fast in order to protect and presence their health and strength while traveling. Traveling uses tremendous physical effort that requires nourishment to sustain the body’s energy. This is why the traveler is given an exemption from fasting so his body can be supplied with the required nourishment. Further,
“And whosoever of you is ill or has an ailment in his scalp (necessitating shaving), he must pay a Fidyah (ransom) of either observing Saum (fasts) (three days) or giving Sadaqah (charity – feeding six poor persons) or offering sacrifice (one sheep).”
Surat Al-Baqarah (The Cow) Ayat (2:196)
Alläh has allowed the sick and those suffering from lice or sensitive scalp, to shave their head, which is normally prohibited, while wearing ihram3 Shaving the head and exposing the scalp in these cases removes the harmful substances and thus allows the sick person to get rid of whatever caused his illness and to recover from the condition that was aggravated because of the hair. This is an example of ridding the body of harmful substances which had a higher priority (thus the exemption) than the general rule, no shaving of the head while in the state of /harm There are ten things that might cause harm to the body when congested, unless the body eliminates them: blood when it is irritated. sperm when it is excessive, urine, excrement, air, vomit, the need to sneeze, sleep, hunger and thirst. When any of these ten things are not properly dealt with or satisfied, as in the case of sleep, they will cause a particular type of illness. When Alläh permitted shaving the head to remove harmful substances on the scalp, His statement inspired His slaves to use the same practice in removing harmful substances caused by other ailments.
As for observing a certain precautionary measure (i,e, diet, or other type of abstention),
“And if you are ill or on a journey, or one of you comes after answering the call of nature, or you have been in contact with women (by sexual relations) and you find no water, perform Tayammum with clean earth and rub therewith your faces and hands (Tayammum).”
Surat An-Nisā’ (The Women) Ayat (4:43)
Alläh has allowed the sick person to use dean earth instead of water to perform his ablution for prayer; this spares his body from the repercussions of using water while ill. This Ayah sets the precedent for every type of precautionary or preventive measure (diet etc.) that protects the body from harmful substances that one consumes or his body produces.
Alläh, all praise is due to Him, has emphasized the three basic rules of the science of medicine that we mentioned above. We will now give several instances and examples that prove Prophetic medicine is superior and more comprehensive than any other method. Providing proper remedies for ailments of the heart (referring to spiritual or emotional ailments) only occurs at the hands of Prophets and Messengers of Alläh. The heart becomes well when it acquires knowledge of its Lord and Creator and in His Names, Attributes, Actions and Commandments.
The heart also becomes well when it prefers acquiring Alläh’s Pleasure and prefers what He likes, all the while avoiding. His prohibitions and what might lead to His displeasure. There is no life, health, or well being for the heart except by this method, which only the Messengers can provide. It is wrong to think that one can ever attain the heart’s well being through any other way than through the guidance of the Messengers of Alläh. These errors result from confusing the heart’s true wellbeing with satisfying and strengthening its lower animal lusts and desires. By this way the heart will be far from acquiring its true wellbeing, strength and even its very existence will be in danger. Those who do not distinguish between these two paths should grieve for their heart’s life and health, or in fact for the lack of it. Let such people also grieve because of their lacking the light of true guidance and because they are completely submerged in an ocean of darkness.