Role of the Khutbah in Islam
In the beginning of Islam, the Khutbah f1ourished, especially since the Messenger’s speeches were the best school: delivering the great Message of Islam to the far corners of the earth. Furthermore, among the best speakers of that time were Abu Bakr As-Siddiq, ‘Umar AIFaruq and ‘Ali bin Abi Ta/ib r-+’-” 1\ ~). Then carne the Muslim commanders who brought destruction to the Cesars and kings of Persia.
During the time of the Rightly Guided Caliphs, the profession of Khitabah (speaking) reached its due leve1 of significance and was not restricted to the Friday sermon, but also whenever necessity arose.
The Friday sermon played an important role in that. It usually helped cal m down disturbances, avert division, restored calmness and diverted wars which people were ready and willing to wage.