The Prophet () used medicine himself and prescribed medicine for his family and Companions
Yet, the type of medicines that the Prophet () and his companions used to take was nothing like the chemical mixtures that are called, “Aqrabathayn (Pharmacopoeia)”. Rather, the majority of their medicine consisted of only one ingredient. Sometimes, they would take another substance to assist the medicine or make it taste better. This was, and still is, the case with most of the medicine used by many cultures such as Arabs, Turks, Indians and nomads. The Romans and the Greeks, on the other hand, use a mixture of substances or remedies in their medicine.
The medical authorities agree that whenever an illness could be fought with nourishment and diet, then medicine should be avoided. Also, they agree that whenever it is possible to use only one substance or ingredient as a remedy, a compound remedy should not be used. They agree that the body will be harmed if doctors over prescribe medicine. This is because the remedy might not find an illness to cure, or might find an illness that it cannot cure, or might be suitable for the illness, but an excess dose may be given, thereby compromising the health of the body.
The most experienced doctors use medications that contain one ingredient.The medication should be similar or related to regular foods that the patient is used to eating. Cultures that consume one or only a few types of food in their regular diet, generally suffer from few illnesses, they should not use compound medicines. Those who live in cities and whose diets are complex need medicines that are a mixture of several substances or ingredients, as these are the types of medicines that most suit their illnesses. The ailments of the people who live in the deserts are usually simple and thus simple medications are suitable for them. These arguments entail facts that are known in the medical profession.
Prophetic medicine has a divine element to it. This element makes comparing Prophetic medicine to the medicines offered by regular doctors similar to comparing the medicine offered by doctors to folk medicine. The best medical authorities agree to this fact, since the science that they excel in is a result of comparisons, experimentation, inspiration, visions and hypothesis.Some of them state that their knowledge is acquired through the animal kingdom, for example they observe cats swallowing a venomous creature and then observe it lick the oil in the lamp, thus neutralizing the effect of the venom. They also observe a snake that has something wrong with its eyes. The snake then wipes its eyes on fennel leaves and cures its condition. Also, they observe some birds that sip seawater when constipated.There are many similar examples that doctors mention concerning their observations of nature.
This type of knowledge cannot be compared to revelation from Alläh to His Messenger and which informs him of what is good for him and what is not.Comparing scientific knowledge to revelation is like comparing the rest of the sciences to what the Prophet a has been sent with. In fact, the Prophets provide us with a kind of medicine that the doctors can barley understand or reach by their experimentation, hypothesis and theories. The Prophets deliver remedies that cure the heart from whatever attacks it. These Prophetic remedies strengthen the heart and increase the reliance and dependence on Alläh. It also aids in seeking refuge, being humble and showing meekness before Him, begging Him, giving charity and supplicating to Him. It also includes repenting to AIIãh, seeking His forgiveness, practicing kindness towards His creation and aiding those in desperate need and those who have suffered a calamity. These cures have been tried by various nations who have indeed found them to carry the cure doctors can never prescribe on their own, whether by experimentation or scientific observations.
We have tried the Prophetic cures and found that they are more powerful than any type of regular medicine. Further, it is a fact that comparing the Prophetic medicines to the medicines that doctors prescribe is just like comparing regular medicine to folk medicine.
The hearts that are connected with the Lord of the Worlds – the Creator of the illness and its cure and He Who governs the affairs of everything and everyone – require special types of remedies that are nothing like those required for the hearts that are far away from their Lord. Furthermore, whenever the soul and the heart become stronger (spiritually), they will cooperate to defeat the illness. How can anyone deny that the most effective cure for the ailment that afflicts the heart and soul occurs by feeling delight and joy when drawing closer to the Lord, loving Him, remembering Him, being totally dedicated and attentive to Him, depending on Him and seeking His help? Only the most ignorant people deny these facts, especially those who have the dullest intellect, the worst comprehension and who are the farthest from Alläh and from knowing the true reality of mankind. Soon after, Alläh willing, we will mention the reason why reciting Al-Fatihah (the first chapter in the Qur’än) has removed the effects of a poisonous sting, enabling the poisoned person to stand up as if he never suffered pain.
We will mention two types of Prophetic medicine in as much detail as possible, according to the limited strength, knowledge and resources available to us.We rely only on Alläh for every type of good and righteous matter, while seeking His Bounty, for He is the Cherished Who grants favors without limit.